Peskov disse a repórteres que a Rússia irá honrar seus compromissos de fornecer vacinas Covid-19 no exterior, observando que Moscou não vê a situação atual como uma "falha" na entrega das doses, mas simplesmente como um "atraso".

“Quanto ao cumprimento das obrigações nos mercados externos, incluindo a Argentina, é claro, elas serão cumpridas”, disse Peskov, observando, no entanto, que vacinar as pessoas na Rússia deve ser uma prioridade.

“A campanha pela vacinação universal se intensificou significativamente [na Rússia] e a compreensão dos cidadãos [sobre os benefícios da imunização] está crescendo constantemente. A taxa de vacinação está aumentando cada vez mais. Esta é uma prioridade absoluta”, acrescentou Peskov.

Há duas semanas, Cecilia Nicolini, assessora do Presidente Alberto Fernández, escreveu ao Fundo Russo de Investimento Direto (RDIF), responsável pela exportação da vacina, explicando que a escassez se tornou um problema crítico.

“Ainda precisamos receber as doses pendentes do Componente 1. Conforme indicado no contrato, ainda temos 18.734.185 doses pendentes para receber (5,5 milhões de C1 + 13,1 milhões de C2). Ainda estamos aguardando o cronograma de entrega de julho", escreveu Nicolini.

Buenos Aires esperava entregas de pelo menos um milhão de doses do segundo componente do imunizante nos dias 10 ou 11 de julho, para a vacinação de idosos naquele fim de semana.

A remessa chegou atrasada, no dia 13, e com apenas 550.000 doses.

A vacina russa Sputnik V é a mais utilizada entre os argentinos com mais de 60 anos, a faixa etária mais exposta ao risco de covid-19 grave
A vacina russa Sputnik V é a mais utilizada entre os argentinos com mais de 60 anos, a faixa etária mais exposta ao risco de covid-19 grave

Além das dificuldades na obtenção do componente 2, todo o contrato com o RDIF e a Human Vaccine, empresa criada pelo fundo soberano russo para vender a Sputnik V, está à beira do naufrágio.

Devido ao atraso na administração das doses, o intervalo entre a primeira (C1) e a segunda (C2) injeção saltou de três semanas para três meses.

"Nesse ponto, todo o contrato corre o risco de ser cancelado publicamente. Compreendemos a escassez e as dificuldades de produção de alguns meses atrás. Mas agora, sete meses depois, ainda estamos muito atrasados, pois estamos começando a receber doses de outros fornecedores regularmente, com horários que são cumpridos”, alertou Nicolini.

Na avaliação do La Nacion, o e-mail da assessora revela a encruzilhada desesperada em que se encontra o governo argentino em relação à aposta mais contundente de seu plano de imunização: a Sputnik V.

Revela ainda que a preferência por essa vacina tem sido uma opção geopolítica, assim como o desinteresse por imunizantes alternativos. Nicolini também explica algo óbvio: que o partido no poder faz um falso uso do plano de vacinação.

Íntegra do e-mail de Cecilia Nicolini para o Fundo Russo para Investimento Direto (RDIF)

8/7/2021                                                                                            

Situation Argentina

Dear Anatoly

As I mentioned today we are again in a very critical situation. We were hoping that after the conversation we had with you, Carla, Kirill and I a couple of weeks ago, things would be more straight forward. But they even worsened.

We are still waiting for a minimum amount of C2 to complete treatments at least to the people with more than 90 days of minimum interval. We were super proactive in finding a solution to the difficulties you had with this, but we couldn’t even have the minimum. We need urgently at least 1 Million to inoculate elderly people this weekend. We shared with you the excel with the minimum required several times.

We still need to receive the pending doses of C1 as well. As per the contract there are still remaining 18.734.185 doses (5.5M C1 + 13.1M C2). We are still waiting for the schedule for July deliveries that you agreed to send in that call too. We didn’t receive it. We can even think at some point to receive more C1 than C2, or think about new strategies, but urgently we need some C2. At this point the entire contract is at risk to be publicly cancelled. We understand the shortage and production difficulties some months ago. But now, 7 months after, we are still very behind, while we are starting to receive doses from other suppliers in a regular basis, with schedules that are fulfilling.

Moreover, we just issued a presidential decree that enables us to sign contracts with American companies and receive donations from the US. Proposals and deliveries are for this year and also include pediatrics which is another vantage. We asked your team to share a protocol for pediatrics so we could run a study here but we still didn’t receive anything. Also we are still waiting for the vaccine cocktail results with Astra, but I guess it’s still on going since January that you informed us about this. We have started studies on our own.

Finally, local production was a big step for both of us. Our President participated even in de launching, waiting for more than 2 hours. We are very happy and supportive with Richmond. We only asked to have the first results before July 9th which is a very important date for us, Independence Day, which means a lot. Richmond sent the first doses to pass quality control in June 16th. We have been told that this process would take between 10 and 15 days. It’s July 7th and is still not ready and will not be ready for the 9th as the President kindly asked, following the days needed. Doses are in Russia for more than 21 days now... we hoped that you would be specially on top of this, was the only and most important request from President Fernandez, and again a disappointment for him and the country.

I would like to add, that someone of your production team is asking Richmond to ask the Ministry of Health to invoice and receive the full payment for the doses produced here. As you can understand, we are not able to change our contact, and even less having a local intermediary in this and paying a grossing up for taxes. Could be a major political and public opinion problem for all of us if we change a letter from our original contract. We are always eager to find solutions but we were never officially informed by you, with whom we have the contract, to study this option. I asked for a call about this several days ago and informed about our situation. But still no official proposal was informed. Remember that we were able to sign a contract in the first place because the RDIF and Human Vaccine are entities controlled by the Russian State, so it was a state-to-state agreement. We justified this with all the proofs and papers that you provided. We can receive and pick up vaccines wherever you say: Moscow, Beijing, Seoul, Bombay, even Buenos Aires. But payment and responsibilities regarding indemnities and production are between us and Human Vaccine/RDIF. We even moved a step further allowing Richmond to import the bulk with no taxes (millions of dollars). We signed these exemptions in good will and collaborative way, understating that are doses to be deliver to us.

I know your hard work, the commitment Kirill has with Argentina, and all the work we have done together. Soon, a new study will be published in a peer-to-peer review magazine about efficacy, effectiveness after 6 months and response to new variants. We responded always doing everything possible for Sputnik V to be a major success, but you are leaving us with very little options to continue fighting for you and this project! And as I also mentioned once, we are facing legal prosecution due to these delays as public officials, putting at risk our government.

Please, lets work together on a real and possible solution. You can count on us.

Looking forward to hearing from you soon.

Best,

Cecilia

República Argentina - Poder Ejecutivo Nacional

2021 - Año de Homenaje al Premio Nobel de Medicina Dr. César Milstein

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